Types of Centrifugal Pumps Used in the Pharmaceutical Industry

June 25, 2024

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In the pharmaceutical industry, precision and dependability are key. In this industry, the centrifugal pump stands as one of the most critical components that ensure these standards are maintained. These pumps play an essential role in different processes, including liquid transfer to sustain sterile conditions. Differentiating between various types of industrial centrifugal pumps and their applications is helpful for experts when choosing suitable equipment.

In this blog, we discuss about types of centrifugal pumps used in the pharmaceutical industry, their examples, practical uses and the role of centrifugal pump manufacturers in India.

Overview of Centrifugal Pumps

Centrifugal Pumps are mechanical devices designed to move fluids by converting the kinetic energy from rotation into hydrodynamic energy. They are widely used in the pharmaceutical industry due to their high efficiency, reliability, and capability to handle various fluids like corrosive and viscous liquids.

Types Of Centrifugal Pumps In Pharmaceutical Industry

1. Single-Stage Centrifugal Pumps

Single-stage centrifugal pumps usually have one impeller and are typically employed in applications requiring minimum to medium pressure levels. They are simple, economical and best suited for moving liquids from one point to another.
Example: A single-stage centrifugal pump used by a pharmaceutical company for transferring purified water from a storage tank to the production line.

2. Multistage Centrifugal Pumps

These include several impellers which increase the fluid pressure at each stage. Such pumps are used where there is a need for high pressure as they could be applied in boiler feed systems or even high-pressure cleaning.
Example: In manufacturing sterile injectables, a multistage centrifugal pump ensures that there is a supply of highly pressurized water required during the cleaning and sterilization process.

3. Sanitary Centrifugal Pumps

Sanitary centrifugal pumps are designed with materials and finishes that prevent contamination, making them perfect for handling sensitive pharmaceutical products. They are easy to clean and meet stringent sanitary standards.
Example: A pharmaceutical company employs sanitary centrifugal pumps to transfer active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) in a sterile environment, ensuring product purity and compliance with regulatory standards.

4. Magnetic Drive Centrifugal Pumps

These centrifugal pumps eliminate the need for mechanical seals by using magnetic couplings to transfer torque. This makes them perfect for handling hazardous liquids or sensitive fluids because it reduces the chances of leaking and contamination.
Example: Magnetic drive centrifugal pumps are used by a pharmaceutical plant to handle volatile solvents required in pharmaceutical formulations to make them operate without any danger of leakage.

5. Self-Priming Centrifugal Pumps

Self-priming centrifugal pumps can re-prime themselves even if air enters the system. They are used in applications where the pump may need to start with an empty suction line.
Example: Self-priming centrifugal pumps are used by a pharmaceutical company during wastewater treatment operations where there may be different fluid levels that the pump must deal with.

Practical Applications of Centrifugal Pumps in the Pharmaceutical Industry

  • Fluid transfer: Movement of raw materials, intermediates, and finished products within the facility.
  • Cleaning systems: These provide necessary pressures for cleaning and sterilization systems.
  • Filtration processes: This involves circulating fluids through filtration systems to remove impurities.
  • Cooling systems: These ensure effective cooling of equipment as well as processes being undertaken.

Choosing The Right Centrifugal Pump

Among other factors, the selection of the proper type of centrifuge pump depends on certain fluid properties along with flow rate and pressure requirements coupled with environmental conditions unique to each application. Partnering with reputable centrifugal pump manufacturers in India, like Fristam Pumps, ensures access to high-quality, reliable equipment tailored to the pharmaceutical industry's needs.


Pharmaceutical processes must be optimized by understanding various types of centrifugal pumps and their applications. Depending on the requirements, each form may have several options including multi-stage, single-stage, magnetic drive or even sanitary pumps. By picking out the right category of industrial centrifugal pumps, pharmaceutical companies can ensure efficient, safe and reliable operations.

For top-quality centrifugal pumps manufacturer in India and expert guidance partner with Fristam Pumps, the leading name in industrial centrifugal pumps.


1) What are centrifugal pumps, and why are they used in the pharmaceutical industry?

Centrifugal pumps are mechanical devices that move fluids using rotational kinetic energy. They are used in the pharmaceutical industry for their efficiency, reliability, and ability to handle various fluids, ensuring precise and sterile processes.

2) What types of centrifugal pumps are commonly used in the pharmaceutical industry?

Common types of centrifugal pumps in the pharmaceutical industry include single-stage, multistage, sanitary, magnetic drive, and self-priming pumps.

3) What are the applications of centrifugal pumps in the pharmaceutical industry?

Centrifugal pumps in the pharmaceutical industry are used for fluid transfer, cleaning systems, filtration processes, and cooling systems.

4) What are the benefits of using centrifugal pumps in the pharmaceutical industry?

The benefits of using centrifugal pumps in the pharmaceutical industry include efficiency, reliability, precise fluid handling, and maintaining sterile conditions.